The Different Types of Wax and the Best for Candle Making

The different types of wax for candle making

At Frændi candles, we are often asked about the different types of candle wax that can be used for candle making. No worries, today you will learn about the different types of candle wax that exist and which ones to use for each specific type of candle.

What is wax?

Technically speaking, the term “wax” refers to a flammable, carbon-containing solid that becomes liquid when heated above room temperature.

What is the best wax to use for candle making?

What? You would like to make a candle? Well, you need to start by choosing the right kind of wax!

Your choice of wax for candle making depends on various factors, including:

  • The form of the candle
  • The kind of wax (all-natural wax or not)
  • The amount of scent
  • The type of finish

What are the different kinds of wax you can use to make a candle?

Paraffin and Soy wax are the most popular for candle-making, but the wax you choose depends on the candle you would like to make.

Here are the main waxes that can be used for candle making:

  • Paraffin wax
  • Soy wax
  • Palm wax
  • Beeswax
  • Gel wax
  • Rapeseed wax

What are these candle waxes?

Wax type

Description

Specifications

Candle-types you can use it fo

Paraffin wax

Paraffin wax (or straight wax) is the most common and widely used wax.

It is a synthetic product and is extremely versatile.

Paraffin wax is made from a by-product of the oil refining industry.

It’s a very easy and affordable wax to use, but unfortunately, it’s not a very eco-friendly product.

Candles made with paraffin wax burn slightly quicker and have a translucent appearance.

Colour: white/colourless

Melting temperature: above 37 °C (99 °F), between about 46 and 68 °C (115 and 154 °F)

Boiling point:  above 370 °C (698 °F)

Scent: odourless

Pillar candles
Container candles

Votive candles

Tealight candles

Taper candles

Tart candles

Soy wax

Soy wax is a 100% all-natural wax.

It is made from hydrogenated soybean oil and is available in several forms (like soy wax flakes).

Making soy wax candles is much more natural than paraffin, and is still significantly cheaper than beeswax.

However, soy isn’t very versatile as it’s quite soft and pliable. It is softer than paraffin wax and with a lower melting temperature

Soy wax is often considered more environmentally friendly compared to traditional paraffin wax.

Colour: opaque white/beige

Melting temperature: between 49 to 82 °C (120 to 180 °F)

Soy wax holds fragrances really well, so you can create amazing smelling scented candles with this wax.

Colouring soy wax is a bit different to paraffin or beeswax. Pigments won’t dissolve in soy and will create more pastel colours.

It burns slower and cleaner (less soot) than some of the other waxes.

Container candles

Palm wax

Palm wax is 100% all-natural.

It is produced by hydrogenating palm oils.

Colour: yellow

Melting temperature: between 82 to 86 °C (180–187 °F)

With it you can make candles with unique textures as there is a crystallizing pattern on the candle’s surface.

Container candles

Beeswax

Beeswax is a 100% all-natural wax and one of the best candle waxes on the market 

It is a very ancient and luxurious candle wax.

Beeswax is made during the honey making process and comes from the beehive.

Beeswax is however very expensive and for the vegans out there, it is still made from animals.

Colour: from nearly white to brownish, but most often a shade of yellow

Melting temperature: 62 °C to 64 °C (144 °F to 147 °F) 

Beeswax forms: blocks, slabs, pellets, pre-rolled

Pillar candles

Container candles

Votive candles

Tealight candles

Taper candles

Tart candles

Gel wax

Gel wax isn’t wax at all.

It is made from mineral oil and a polymer resin.

With it, you can make see-through candles or embedded-object gel candles.

Colour: transparent

It holds wicks, colour and fragrances just as well as a standard paraffin wax.

Flashpoint of the fragrance oil: needs to be at least 170 degrees Fahrenheit.

Container candles

Rapeseed (canola) wax

Rapeseed wax (or canola wax) is an excellent alternative to soy wax for making container candles. 

It has the added environmental credential of being sourced locally.

Colour: white/beige 

Melting temperature: 43°C (109 °F)

It provides great fragrance retention, scent throw and extended burn time.

Container candles

Pillar candles

 

At Frændi we make candles, but not any kind of candles: Hygge candles. In order to bring Hygge into your sweet homes, we got to make sure we use the best material (and we do!).

That’s why we use soy wax for our Frændi candles. Why soy wax? Well, basically we care about the quality of our candles as well as your health and the environment.


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